The City Cast into the Abyss
Mark 11:20-24: A Preterist Commentary: Summary and Highlights
In Mark 11:20-24, Jesus performs a prophetic miracle and then follows it up with a symbolic prophecy concerning a mountain cast into the sea. The meaning and fulfillment of this miracle and prophecy point to an impending catastrophe. See the following Preterist Commentary on Mark 11:20-24 for a detailed explanation.
The following may seem unbelievable. However, all information is taken from unbiased historical records and is easily verifiable. Sources listed at the end.
The City Cast into the Abyss
20 In the morning, as they went along, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots. 21 Peter remembered and said to Jesus, “Rabbi, look! The fig tree you cursed has withered!”
A Preterist Commentary on Mark 11:20-21: The Fig Tree represents Jerusalem.
In v. 13 Jesus approaches a fig tree, seeing no fruit on the tree, He curses it: “May no one ever eat fruit from you again!” Then Jesus went to Jerusalem and drove out the money changers at the Temple. On the following morning the tree was found to be withered. Trees are often used in the Bible to signify a kingdom or city (Isaiah 10, Ezekiel 15, Ezekiel 17, Ezekiel 31, Nahum 3:12). The fig tree in this parable appears to represent Jerusalem, the city Jesus had just left. The fact that this tree is without fruit represents Jerusalem’s lack of virtue. Good fruit is a Biblical symbol of the virtue of the saints: “[T]he fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control (Galatians 5:22-23).”
A Preterist Commentary on Mark 11:20-21: The Fig Tree’s lack of Fruit represents the Wickedness of Jerusalem, the City that killed the Prophets, Jesus, and the Saints.
In v. 13, Jesus curses a fig tree without fruit. Then in vs. 20-21, He returns to the tree on the following morning; and the tree is withered. Jesus’ first encounter with the tree seems to represent His earthly ministry in Jerusalem and Israel. During this ministry, Jesus frequently assailed His contemporaries calling them “a wicked and adulterous generation (Matthew 16:4).” This accusation is not mere rhetoric. The lack of fruit on the fig tree represents the wickedness of these people who killed the prophets, Jesus, and Jesus’ disciples after His crucifixion. The fact that the fig tree withered the next time Jesus sees the tree is an omen of the destruction of Jerusalem and Israel by the Romans during the second coming of Christ.1
22 “Have faith in God,” Jesus answered. 23 “Truly I tell you, if anyone says to this mountain, ‘Go, throw yourself into the sea,’ and does not doubt in their heart but believes that what they say will happen, it will be done for them. 24 Therefore I tell you, whatever you ask for in prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be yours.
A Preterist Commentary on Mark 11:23: Mountains Represent Cities in the Bible. The Sea represents the Gentile Nations. After the Jewish War many Israelites were exiled throughout the Roman Empire.
Mountains are also often used in the Bible to represent cities (Psalms 2:6; Psalms 48:1; Isaiah 66:20; Jeremiah 51:25; Joel 3:17). The mountain in this parable like the fig tree that withered represents the city of Jerusalem. Sea is also a common Biblical symbol. As is the case in Daniel 7:2-3 and Revelation 17:15, the sea represents the Gentile nations. See In the Bible “Earth” Signifies the Specific Land Addressed While “Sea” Symbolizes Foreign Nations. After the fall of Jerusalem in A.D. 70, many Israelites were exiled throughout the Roman Empire.2 There many Jews were enslaved and killed in public spectacle. The casting of the mountain or city into the sea may represent the exile of the people of Jerusalem throughout Gentile Rome.
A Preterist Commentary on Mark 11:23: The Sea also represents the Abyss, Hell. The Hurling of the Mountain into the Sea is therefore a Symbolic Expression of the Destruction of Jerusalem and the Slaughter of its People.
Sea has another, deeper meaning in the Bible. The sea is the Abyss, the realm of the dead. See The Poetic Biblical Link Between “Sea” and “Abyss”. The hurling of a mountain or city into the sea or Abyss is a symbolic expression of the destruction of a city and the slaughter of its inhabitants. The casting of the mountain into the sea in this parable seems to also point to the destruction of Jerusalem and the massacre of its people in A.D. 70.
According to Revelation 6:9-11, the plagues of Revelation and their fulfillment during the Jewish War were ultimately a consequence of the prayers of the saints. After Jesus’ crucifixion, many Christians in Israel were murdered by their Jewish brethren.3 God answered their pleas for justice in A.D. 66 at the start of Israel’s war with Rome. During this war, Israel was destroyed by the Roman army and many Israelites were killed and exiled. Jesus was right. As a result of the faith of the saints, the mountains of Israel had been thrown into the sea at least in a metaphorical sense.
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Interested in THE PRETERIST VIEW OF ESCHATOLOGY, or are you a PRETERIST struggling with a prophecy or verse? It DID happen just like the Bible says! If you liked this essay, see PRETERIST BIBLE COMMENTARY for a detailed explanation of the FULFILLMENT OF ALL MAJOR END TIME PROPHECIES IN THE BIBLE. The more unbelievable the prophecy, the more amazing and miraculous the fulfillment!
Also see Historical Evidence that Jesus was LITERALLY SEEN in the Clouds in the First Century. For an explanation of how the end of the age and its fulfillment during the Jewish War mirror Genesis 1-3; how the Bible teaches that the resurrection of the dead is a resurrection of heavenly bodies to heaven, not a resurrection of perfected earthly bodies; and how the resurrection is a mirror opposite of the fall see How the Jewish War and Resurrection to Heaven Mirror Genesis and the Fall; and How Preterism fixes the Age of the Earth Problem and unravels the Mysteries in Genesis.
Mark 11:20-24: A Preterist Commentary: Conclusion
As explained in Mark 11:20-24: A Preterist Commentary both the withering of the fig tree and the mountain cast into the sea together symbolize the coming war with Rome.
- The miracle recorded in v.19 calls to mind Luke 13:1-9. After being informed of the deaths of some Galileans, Jesus told the people that these men were not worse sinners than the rest of the Galileans. Jesus then warned them that unless they repent, they too will die. Jesus then told this parable in Luke 13:6-9:
A man had a fig tree, planted in his vineyard, and he went to look for fruit on it, but did not find any. So he said to the man who took care of the vineyard, ‘For three years now I’ve been coming to look for fruit on this fig tree and haven’t found any. Cut it down! Why should it use up the soil?’ ‘Sir, the man replied, ‘leave it alone for one more year, and I’ll dig around it and fertilize it. If it bears fruit next year, fine! If not, then cut it down.’
The fertilization of the fig tree in this parable may represent Jesus’ sacrifice for sin during the crucifixion. Most scholars today believe that Jesus’ ministry lasted three and a half years. The fact that the man in this parable did not find fruit on the fig tree for three years implies that Jesus spoke this parable three years into His ministry. However, despite the wonders Jesus performed including His death and resurrection, many Israelites did not repent.
- Josephus The Wars of the Jews 6.9.3.
- Eusebius The History of the Church 3.5.